India is a diverse country, a land of wildlife sanctuaries, natural landforms, and national parks. India is blessed with vast forests, mountains, lush greenery, and plains. There are almost 104 national parks in India. These parks are popular with their variety of flora and fauna, and visitors. We have listed the top national parks of India:
1. Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
The Jim Corbett National Park was the first national park in the country located in Uttarakhand. Formerly known as Hailey Nation Park and was established in year 1936 to protect Bengal Tigers under British rule. Later, its name change by legendary British Officer tiger hunter “Jim Corbett”. It is famous for tigers and wild species. It is around three hours away from Nainital and seven hours away from Delhi. Every season 70,000 tourist visit this park. The best time to visit this park is From November to February and the park closes during the monsoon.
2. Kaziranga National Park, Assam
This park is located in the state of Assam on the bank of the river Brahmaputra. It is one of the famous national parks in the northeast region. Kaziranga National Park is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, as it is popular for one-horned rhinoceros. There were around 2413 rhinos till march 2018. It has been declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006, as it is the most protected area for tigers and also for water buffaloes, elephants, and other animals. The best time to visit this park is from November to April.
3. Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
Formerly Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary was established as a national park in 1980. One of the most royal national parks, as the formidable fort was build inside the park in the 10th century which is an attraction for many tourists. This ford represents the glorious history of Rajasthan. Padam Talao is famous for its largest water body and the Jogi Mahal is located near this lake. These beautiful lakes and ford increase the adventure here. This park is known for its large population of Royal Bengal Tiger and other animals like bears, leopards, and jackals. From October to May is the best time to visit this park.
4. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
This park is one of the largest and well maintained national parks. It is located in Madhya Pradesh and was established in the year 1955. This park mainly focuses on Project Tiger; tourists can spot the Swamp Deer species called Barasingha and other animals like sloths, hyenas, Royal Bengal Tiger, and others. It is a mixture of flora and fauna species, sal and tropical deciduous forest, abundant species such as climbers, herbs, and shrubs. The best time to visit this park is between November and June
5. Gir National Park, Gujarat
Gir Nation Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is famous as the home of Asiatic Lions. This park is also known as the Sasan Gir Sanctuary of Gujarat. This park was established on 18th September 1965. Currently, the population of Asiatic Lions has been increased from 411 to 500 lions. Earlier,
Nawabs of Junagadh used this place as a personal hunting ground. With an amazing diversity of flora and fauna, this park is under the government forest department and treated well as this is an important ecological resource of Gujarat. You can also see other animals like leopards, Chausingha, Flamingoes, Sambar, Nilgai, Chinkara, Crested Serpent Eagles, and Woodpeckers. The best time to visit this park is between December and March.
6. Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Sundarbans National Park is situated in the Ganga Delta of West Bengal and among the largest and old national park in India. It has the largest mangrove forest in the world. For the growth of mangrove, this park is famous for its freshwater humid forest. It has large endangered species like deers, tiger, and other animals. It reserves Royal Bengal Tiger; due to fewer tigers, it was very difficult to spot them. But now it has been increased. The best time to visit this place is from December to February.
7. Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park is situated in Madhya Pradesh and established in 1968. It is one of the finest national parks. This place was a hunting reserve for Maharaja. There are 250 species of birds and 22 species of mammals. It provides an opportunity to explore wildlife such as Wolf, Soth Bear, Dhole, Golden Jackal, Wild Boar, Antelope, Deer, and Monkey. Other than Nilgai, Indian Leopards, Royal Bengal Tigers, Chinkara, and Asiatic Lions are also present. The best time to visit this park is from October to June.
8. Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
Bandipur National Park is situated in the Charajnagar district of Karnataka, and it was established in 1974. It is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and spread across 874 square kilometers. Maharajas of Mysore used it as a private hunting ground. Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the most beautiful wildlife sanctuaries such as Elephant, Tiger, Dhola, Hyena, Leopards, Chital, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Barking Deer, and Four Horned Antelope. Ducks, Red Spur Fowl, Jungle Fowl, Peafowl, Hornbills, and Woodpeckers are also included. The best time to visit this park is from October to May.